Two mysteries solved? (conclusion)

So can we prove a link between the two monograms by looking at objects created around the time the branding changed from ‘Made in Zuid-Holland’ to ‘Zuid-Holland  Gouda’?

Below on the top row earlier RS markings; on the second row two RS markings on pieces dated close to circa 1907, on the third row three FS pieces also close to circa 1907 and on the bottom row examples of later FS markings:

What stands out for the author:

  • The three later RS pieces (with Zuid-Holland Gouda branding) have a more free and flowing way of writing. Also note the changes in the way the D is written: first just in Gouda, then also in Holland. This way to write the D/d and the way of writing continues seamlessly in the later FS signed pieces.
  • The first two early FS pieces start having a slightly dropped first l in Holland but still without the extension. The third piece is an unsigned later replacement part of the ‘Het Loo’ dinner set. Based on the handwriting by the hand of FS around the same time as the other pieces in this row, this piece as well is by her hand, and the logo has the same “chimney” on the gate roof.
  • Compared with the third row the later FS markings on the bottom row have not changed that much, apart from the longer extension of the foot of the first l and the curl on the G in Gouda that followed. 


As with most questions surrounding the early years of PZH, lack of source material prevents any absolute certainty.  So the author realises that the proof that RS was the pre c. 1907 monogram for Francien Sanderus is circumstantial and based on interpretation. But Nico van Eijk always made the point that any of his theories were true until somebody could prove otherwise. So, readers are invited to take up the challenge!

​The question remains that if Frederika Sanderus did start her PZH career working with the RS monogram then why did she, around 1907, change it to FS. To avoid confusion with Roelof Sterken? Did the latter work at PZH around 1907 or was his employment contemplated? Was this the moment she decided to be known as Francien?

​But it would not be the last mystery Francien Sanderus left us with.  When she passed away at age 79 in 1947, she was interred in the Old Cemetery in Gouda. According to the records, this is her gravestone, but it does not contain her name nor date or year of her birth and date of her death!

Scroll to Top