Porcelain decors at PZH
The collection started with Porcelain decors and this group still forms the majority of the objects. The launch in the market was probably in 1901 after Egbert Estié had decided to compete with the successful Rozenburg eggshell porcelain launched at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900. This period is characterized by a huge diversity in decors, but some appear to have been produced for only a short time. While Egbert Estié was forced to leave PZH in 1905 no major changes to the ways of working appear to have been made until circa 1906 when Willy Hoyng came to PZH where he became general manager. We see some existing P decors continue while some other new decors were introduced. But they became less important after the introduction of the so-called New Porcelain or NP range in c.1908. While P and NP decors were produced after 1918 ( the last recorded piece is from 1929) the range became less important for PZH and the quality seldom reached the quality level of the year before 1905. Five virtual display cases show examples of the development and demise of this important PZH decor range over an almost thirty-year period.
A click on this section opens the first display case with examples of the P/a decor. This decor is characterized by areas filled with straight hatching and could have been the first type of P decor brought on the market. The floral decors frequently have butterflies and birds do appear. It might have been a less popular style of decor in later years and only the odd P/a decor can be found on objects from after 1907.
The second display case shows examples of objects with the P/b decor, characterised by a curved hatching. This must have been the most popular style as it is found on 60% of the P decor objects. There is a huge variation in decors, always based on floral motives. But these vary from easily recognizable flowers to fairly abstract interpretations. Symmetrical decors do occur and some decors have birds.
The last group represents examples of the P/c decor, which is characterized by the use of a contour hatching and depiction of fruits and seeds instead of flowers.? It appears to be introduced later than the P/a and P/b decor types and we have found no examples that can be dated with any certainty before 1904. The style does seem to have been a big success in the market, as it is found on only 7 % of the P decor objects from the period.
Also around 1907 we see the P decor range split in two decor types. A few decors from the earlier years continue while some new P decors are introduced. The latter group appears to have been in production just around 1907-1909 while some of the earlier P decors continued for a while longer. But overall theP decors were replaced by first NP decors and soon after by matte decors.?
The NP or New Porcelain decors were introduced in 1909 and many were designed by W H Hartgring who had joined PZH from Rozenburg in 1908. In the display cases, the range is split into NP decors from the early years of the range and the decors from later years. The last known NP decor object has year marks 1929.